Windows Server 2012 VS 2012 R2 VS 2016 VS 2019: Buying Guide


Home windows Server is Microsoft’s working system that was first launched into the market again in 2003. Since its preliminary launch, a number of variations of this working system have been developed. Every model builds on the failings of its predecessor, or new alternatives prompts builders to include new options. 

The totally different variations of Microsoft Home windows Server examine otherwise in opposition to one another primarily based on the options every has. Nonetheless, all of them serve the identical goal; they’re all home windows working methods. Listed below are the options that every of the above variations portrays that create a distinction between one another:

Microsoft Home windows Server 2019

That is the latest and most superior model of Microsoft Home windows Server. It was launched into the market on the twond of October, 2018. It comes with the next spectacular options:


  • Some intense modifications have been made within the Microsoft Home windows Server storage for a greater expertise. As an illustration, you might be certain to expertise the next:

Storage Migration Service

  • This characteristic means that you can shortly transfer servers to a brand new model of Microsoft Home windows Server. It ensures you do not need to make any modifications everytime you transfer to a brand new server. A graphic software configures your information in your server, retains its id, after which transfers it to the brand new server.  

Storage Areas Direct

You’ll encounter the next new space for storing direct system options:

  • Native assist for persistence reminiscence
  • Two-server clusters with a USB flash witness
  • Home windows admin heart assist
  • Efficiency historical past
  • 2x sooner mirror-accelerated parity
  • Drive latency outlier detection
  • Two-node hyper-converged infrastructure on the edge
  • You may scale as much as 4 PB per cluster
  • Manually delimit the allocation of quantity to step up fault tolerance.

Storage Duplicate

  • This comes with a check failover characteristic that permits mounting of vacation spot storage to validate replication or information backup. Storage Duplicate log efficiency has additionally been massively boosted whereas the Home windows Admin Help Middle is instantly at your disposal. 

System Insights

  • The system perception characteristic provides home windows server 2019 to make the native predictive evaluation. Such provides you with perception into the practical standing of your server. The system runs diagnostics in your servers and detects flaws early sufficient earlier than they’re problematic.

Hybrid Cloud

  • A brand new Server Core App Compatibility Function on Demand (FOD) turns out to be useful to enhance the app compatibility of the Home windows Server Core Set up. As such, now you can get pleasure from a graphical setting that serves to extend the performance and compatibility of Server Core but preserving lean.


Home windows Defender Superior Menace Safety (ATP)

This protection mechanism senses and responds to any reminiscence and kernel-level assaults. It suppresses malicious information and cuts brief malicious processes. The system works by initiating the next operations: 

  • Assault floor discount, blocks malware from stepping into the machine by blocking any suspicious and insecure information.
  • Community safety
  • Managed folder entry
  • Exploit safety it seeks vulnerabilities in methods and alerts you accordingly.

Safety with Software program Outlined Networking (SDN)

  • SDN seeks to safe your information information, both on-premises or in your cloud. You and your purchasers trust within the safety of your information. 

Shielded Digital Machines Enchancment

  • Department workplace enchancment, you possibly can run shielded digital machines on machines with connectivity to the Host Guardian Service through the use of the brand new fallback HGS and different offline mode options. Such mean you can configure a second occasion set of URLs for Hyper-V to see if it gained’t attain your main server.
  • Offline modes provide the capabilities to launch your shielded VMs even within the absence of HGS. 

Troubleshooting enchancment

  • Do you have to lose your connectivity to your VMs, new instruments have been included to detect for any connectivity points.
  • Even higher, the instruments needn’t be configured since they turn into out there mechanically. You place your VM on a Hyper-V host that’s working on Window Server model 1803 or later.

Linux assist

Home windows Server 2019 can comfortably run in a combined OS setting. It may possibly assist Ubuntu, Pink Hat Enterprise Linux, and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server contained in the digital machines.

  • HTTP/2 for a sooner and safer Net
  • You’ll not have to fret about safety points if you find yourself browsing in your web on account of:
  • Coalescing of connections, to stop interrupted and unencrypted searching expertise
  • Upgraded HTTP/2’S server cipher suite turns out to be useful for environment friendly mitigation of defective connections and ease of deployment.
  • New TCP congestion supplier to Cubic, such provides you with extra throughputs.

Improve Home windows Admin Centre

A available home windows admin heart is at your beck and name and comes with no further prices. It will allow you to handle your home windows server, hyper-converged sources, and window 10 PCs. 

Microsoft Home windows Server 2016

A lot of options had been included into the Microsoft Home windows Server 2016, however the next make the app stand out from the remainder of the servers:

Nano Server

This flaunts a 92% smaller set up footprint than a typical Home windows Server Graphic Person Interface (GUI). It additional comes together with an array of excellent qualities:

  • Fewer updates and reboots since it’s a bare-metal OS.
  • It has a much-reduced assault floor than GUI. Any server roles are injected from different sources; therefore, a bit of window of alternative for malware.
  • Small in dimension therefore readily moveable throughout servers, bodily websites, and information facilities.
  • It may possibly simply host a normal Home windows Server workload reminiscent of Hyper-V host.

Nano Server


Containers mean you can isolate apps and providers in an agile and administrative manner. Microsoft Home windows Server 2016 flaunts two containers:

  • Home windows Server Container. Such goals to deal with decrease workloads that may comfortably share the identical sources.i
  • Hyper-V Container. That is acceptable for high-trust workloads.


Linux Safe Boot

  • Linux Safe Boot protects the server’s launch setting in opposition to assaults from rootkits and different boot-time malware. With this model, you possibly can deploy Linux VMs with out having to disable the in any other case stellar Safe Boot characteristic as you’ll with the home windows server.


  • The brand new Resilient File System (ReFS) helps in Storage Areas Direct and Hyper-V workloads. This method is way secure and stronger than in previous variations to optimize these capabilities.

Storage Areas Direct

  • If you wish to create redundant and versatile disk storage in an inexpensive setting, this characteristic turns out to be useful. The characteristic stretches storage areas to permit failover cluster nodes to make use of their native storage inside this cluster, avoiding shared storage material. 

Energetic Listing Federation Companies (ADFS v4)

  • Right here is one other wonderful characteristic that seeks to assist claims (token)-based id. Claims-based id is important on account of the necessity for a single-sign-on (SSO) between on-premises Energetic Listing and numerous cloud providers.
  • The characteristic will even assist OpenID Join-based authentication, hybrid conditional entry, and Multi-factor authentication (MFA). Hybrid conditional entry allows ADFS to answer points that could possibly be attributed to safety coverage compliance.

Nested Virtualization

  • That is the power of a digital machine to host one other digital machine. A helpful software of this characteristic is when a enterprise desires to deploy further Hyper-V hosts and requires stepping down {hardware} prices.

Hyper-V Scorching-Add Digital {Hardware}

  • With this characteristic, you possibly can add digital {hardware} or alter the allotted Ram to a digital machine. This was an not possible feat up to now, however Microsoft Home windows Server 2016 has made it potential. Much more thrilling, you possibly can add this digital {hardware} whereas the VMs are up and working. 

PowerShell Direct

  • Now you can ship PowerShell on to the Hyper-V host’s VMs with Microsoft Home windows Server 2016.

Microsoft Home windows Server 2012

The spotlight of this model is the hassle to make it cloud-ready. Furthermore, the addition of the next options makes it a worthy cut price.

Server Supervisor

  • The Microsoft Home windows Server 2012 flaunts a brand new server supervisor with a brand new appear and feel in user-interface. Now you can group many servers in your community and handle them from a focus on one window. Such will prevent time that you just utilized in previous variations leaping from one window to a different to work in your servers.

Server Manager

Home windows PowerShell 3.0

  • PowerShell seeks to stretch extra management of Home windows servers. This software works hand in hand GUI to govt your instructions. Nonetheless, it’s the dominant power of the 2; therefore, fewer crashes and points are more likely to occur. PowerShell is a revolutionary characteristic that may make the administration of home windows server extra environment friendly.

Windows PowerShell 3.0

Hyper-V 3.0

  • This virtualization platform will mean you can run a number of digital machines on a single home windows server. When used with Microsoft System Centre, the expertise is even higher. 


  • Cupboard space has additionally been massively boosted in Microsoft Server 2012. The totally different out there swimming pools of storage are divided into totally different areas. Moreover, within the swimming pools, you possibly can add up any bodily disk in addition to configure mirroring. This means so as to add up extra space as you please is kind of a formidable characteristic.


Information Deduplication

  • It is a information compression method that may provide help to eradicate duplicates of repetitive information. Giant chunks are analyzed, and if any matches up, the additional copy is changed with a reference that directs to the saved piece. 

Server Message Block (SMB) 3.0

  • SMB file sharing protocol comes with a set of helpful options reminiscent of; sizzling pluggable interfaces, multichannel, encryption, deduplication, Quantity Shadow Copy Companies (VSS), amongst others.

Dynamic Entry Management (DAC)

  • DAC manages how information and folders are accessed. It classifies information information so as of gadget claims and useful resource claims.

Microsoft Server 2012 R2

Microsoft Server 2012 R2 was a major enchancment on Microsoft Server 2012. Among the enhancements made embody:

File Companies and Storage

  • Work folders. You may make company information out there to your customers since your customers’ units do not need to be area related.
  • SMB. This characteristic was launched within the server 2012 however made higher on this model. Higher efficiency, automated rebalancing of Scale-Out File Server purchasers, and assist for a number of SMB cases are a few of the enhancements.
  • DFS Namespace and DFS Replication. Now you can recuperate any corrupt databases or information which might be hidden in DFSR non-public folders.
  • Storage areas have additionally been considerably prolonged to accommodate extra information.

Well being Report

  • A available well being report is without doubt one of the highlights of this model. Moreover, you possibly can customise it in keeping with your wants for it to show what you wish to monitor.


  • BranchCashe is a Huge Space Community (WAN) bandwidth optimization know-how that will include Home windows software program. If you wish to entry an offsite server, you need to use this characteristic to spice up information entry.
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Distant Net Entry

  • You may remotely entry your servers on-line with many Microsoft servers, however with this model, this characteristic is boosted extensively. It’s additional with HTML5 assist.

Pre-configured Auto-VPN Dialing

  • A shopper VPN turns out to be useful if you should entry an on-site community useful resource.

Server Deployment

  • With this model, you possibly can set up Microsoft Server 2012 as a member server in a website of any dimension. Moreover, as you put in as a member server, you possibly can have a number of servers working Important in your area. 

All of the above Microsoft Servers are constructed upon one another; the more moderen variations are constructed on the failings of their predecessors. As such, the later the discharge, the higher options you might be certain to get pleasure from.

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